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The 4 Player Types standard model - Find your strengths and weaknesses and those of your opponent

Playing styles in chess are an important and thus often discussed topic. GM Dr. Karsten Müller and GM Luis Engel take up a model by GM Lars Bo Hansen based on 4 player types - namely ‘activists’, ‘pragmatics’, ‘theoreticians’ and so-called ‘reflectors’. Their respective strengths and weaknesses are explained with the help of many examples, enabling the reader to try and assign himself or herself to one or the other player type.

“In the context of preparing for my next opponent ... certain character traits always play a role, which I try to assign to this player. ... Here it can be helpful and time-saving, for example, to draw conclusions about the type of player and thus also about strengths and weaknesses by (checking) played openings - or to get hints about the probability of (him or her choosing) certain opening variations by means of known player characteristics. These and numerous other considerations are bundled and systematically presented in this work. The division into four prototypical player natures is extremely helpful in answering questions that not only concern game preparation but also, for example, the determination of one’s own characteristics as a chess player. In addition, the work provides amateurs and chess enthusiasts with a helpful guide to form their own picture of this or that player.” (Excerpts from the foreword by GM Vincent Keymer)

• Video running time: 6 hours 50 min(English)
• With interactive training including video feedback


Das wird geliefert:

  • Fritztrainer App für Windows und Mac
  • Lieferung als Download oder auf DVD
  • Videokurs mit ca. 4-8 Std. Laufzeit
  • Mit Repertoiredatenbank: speichern und integrieren in das eigene Repertoire (in WebApp Opening oder in ChessBase)
  • Interaktive Aufgaben mit Videofeedback: die Autoren präsentieren Aufgaben und Schlüsselstellungen, der Anwender muß die Lösung eingeben. Mit Videofeedback (auch zu Fehlern) und weiteren Erklärungen.
  • Musterpartien als ChessBase-Datenbank.
  • Neu: viele Fritztrainer jetzt auch als Stream im ChessBase-Videoportal!

Das kann die FritzTrainer-App:

  • Videos laufen in Fritztrainer-App oder integriert im ChessBase-Programm mit Brettgrafik, Notation und großer Funktionsleiste
  • Analyse-Engine kann jederzeit dazugeschaltet
  • Videostopp für manuelle Navigation und Analyse in Partienotation
  • Eingabe von eigenen Varianten, Engineanalyse und Speicherung
  • Varianten lernen: In der ChessBase WebApp Opening per Autoplay Varianten vorführen, auswendig lernen („Drill“) und Transformation (Ausgangsstellung – Endstellung) üben
  • Aktive Eröffnungstraining: ausgewählte Eröffnungsstellungen werden in der ChessBase WebApp Frit zonline geöffnet: Im Match gegen Fritz testen Sie Ihr neues Wissen und spielen aktiv die neue Eröffnung.

Noch mehr Möglichkeiten: FritzTrainer & ChessBase!

  • Die Datenbank mit allen Partien und Analysen kann sofort geöffnet werden
  • Partien können direkt in Eröffnungsreferenz hinzugefügt werden
  • Direkte Auswertung in Eröffnungsreferenz mit Partienreferenz, Partien nachspielbar im Analysebrett
  • Eigene Varianten werden direkt eingefügt, gespeichert und können in das eigene Repertoire eingefügt werden
  • Replay-Training
  • LiveBook aktiv
  • Alle in ChessBase installierten Engines können für die Analyse gestartet werden
  • Assisted Analysis
  • Druck von Notation und Diagrammen (Für Arbeitsblätter)



  • Introduction
  • Activists - Strengths
  • Characteristics of activists
  • Hyperactivists
  • Strengths of activists - Sacrifices for a direct king attack
  • The pearl of Wijk aan Zee
  • Sacrifices for initiative
  • Deep Junior as activist
  • Judit Polgar's exchange sacrifice
  • Judit Polgar's pawn sacrifices
  • Initiative for static weaknesses
  • Anand's activity
  • Activists advance opening theory
  • Anand's immortal game
  • Kasparov's hammer blow
  • Activists - Endgame
  • Strengths - Defence of rook endgames
  • Activity counts
  • The defender exchanges pawns
  • Dynamic trumphs are important - Strong passed pawns
  • The swarm of midges
  • Endgame types, where dynamic trumphs are important
  • A light intiative weighs heavily
  • Fire on board
  • Anand's counterattack
  • Weaknesses of activists in the endgame
  • Do not rush
  • Pseudo-active defence
  • Activists - Weaknesses
  • Weaknesses of activists in the endgame - Non-active defence
  • Kramnik beats Kasparov
  • Pseudo-active pawn moves
  • Fatal opening of the kingside
  • The defender must be careful when moving pawns
  • Too risky attack
  • Model games against activists
  • Judit Polgar demonstrates reflector qualities
  • Tiviakov's theories
  • Theorists
  • Characteristics of theorists
  • The positional school
  • Dorfman's method
  • The flying rook
  • Theorists play logically
  • Botvinnik's iron logic
  • The style of Ulf Andersson
  • A light initiative weighs heavily
  • The Andersson endgame
  • Strategical endgames
  • Ponomariov's technique
  • Kramnik's power play
  • One special theory
  • The Steinitzian method of restriction
  • Reflectors
  • Characteristics of reflectors
  • Good feeling for harmony and coordination
  • Karpov's coordination
  • Active prophylaxis
  • Petrosian's prophylaxis
  • Petrosian's king
  • Dominance and restriction methods
  • Karpov's space advantage
  • Computer technique
  • Strategic initiative and power play
  • Attack with opposite-coloured bishops
  • Petrosian's bishops
  • Petrosian's pawn wave
  • Strategic endgames
  • Karpov's knight magic
  • The Carlsen endgame
  • Pragmatics
  • Characteristics of pragmatics
  • Concrete approach
  • Fischer's knight sacrifice
  • Fischer's attack on the wings
  • Advantages and disadvantages of concrete play
  • MVL's missed win against Carlsen
  • Fischer's initiative
  • Fischer's pseudo activity
  • The calculation of variations
  • Caruana's calculation power
  • Good practical decisions
  • Counterplay counts
  • Making the game more difficult and complex 1
  • Making the game more difficult and complex 2
  • Pragmatics like to grab material
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